APPENDIX A: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF U-FRAME LOCK MONOLITHS

Types of monoliths.

Intake/discharge monoliths.

Figure A-1. Culvert valve transitions monolith. Plan view and elevation

Foundation alternatives.

Seismic design criteria.

Foundation pressure.

Load Cases

Foundation Analysis

Pile founded

Lateral load resistance.

Structural Analysis

Figure A-2. Bearing pressure - uniform

Figure A-3. Bearing pressure - stepped

Two-dimensional monoliths.

Foundation modeling.

Figure A-4. Culvert valve monolith strip section

Variable thickness slabs.

Figure A-5. Rigid link application

Figure A-6. Variable thickness slab

Figure A-6. Variable thickness slab (cont)

Finite element analysis

Figure A-7. Use of symmetry in finite element modeling

Figure A-8. Use of boundary conclution to model a portion of the structure

Figure A-9. Possible cross-section shapes of variable thickness slabs

Figure A-10. Sloped plate model

Figure A-11. Stepped plate model

Figure A-12. Offset beams model

Special Considerations - ETL-1110-2-3550031

Seismic effects

Constructability Considerations

Fillets.

Figure A-13. Reinforcement interferences in base slabs

Figure A-14. Reinforcement interferences in lock walls

Figure A-15. Solutions for reinforcement placement problems

Figure A-16. Reinforcement and waterstop interferences

Monolith joints (monolith length).

Figure A-18. Varying elevations of construction joints and concrete finish floor elevations

Joint treatment/detailing

APPENDIX B: REFERENCES

APPENDIX B: REFERENCES (cont)

APPENDIX B: REFERENCES (cont)

ETL 1110-2-355