DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Washington D.C. 20314-1000
16 August 1994
Engineering and Design
PERMANENT CAMOUFLAGE, CONCEALMENT, AND DECEPTION
1. Purpose. This letter provides interim guidance for permanent
camouflage, concealment, and deception (CCD) measures on military
construction projects. The information provided in the enclosure
to this letter will enable the designer to apply CCD techniques
during facility planning and design.
2. Applicability. This letter applies to all HQUSACE elements,
major subordinate commands, districts, and field operating
activities (FOA) having military construction design
3. Objective. In the past, when manned attack aircraft flew
high and slow, aircrews had an optimum perspective and a
relatively long time to visually recognize and acquire targets.
Effective CCD then demanded elaborate visual deceptions and
comprehensive coverage designed to make the target nearly
invisible. Today, attacks are typically executed at low
altitudes and high speeds and target recognition and acquisition
relies heavily on visual, thermal infrared, and radar imagery.
Effective CCD now typically demands less elaborate deceptions.
Maximum CCD benefit is gained by incorporating permanent measures
during planning and design. Even if add-on CCD measures are
deployed during wartime, permanent measures will enhance the
effectiveness of the add-on applications.
4. Action. When a design project requires CCD, use the
information and guidance provided in the enclosure to this
5. Implementation. This letter will have routine application as
defined in paragraph 6c, ER 1110-345-100.
FOR THE DIRECTOR OF MILITARY PROGRAMS:
RICHARD C. ARMSTRONG, P.E.
APP A -- Permanent Camouflage,
Chief, Engineering Division
Concealment, and Deception
Directorate of Military Programs
APP B - Bibliography