16 Aug 94
This equipment creates hot spots that are easily seen by thermal
naissance and surveillance threats are to be neutralized, the CCD
measures are generally more elaborate. Effective CCD will then
commonly include add-on camouflage and decoys deployed during
wartime. These measures are usually intended to confuse the
attacker by making the target area appear different during the
attack than it did during reconnaissance and surveillance.
j. Permanent Decoys. The objective of decoys is to create
false targets that simulate high-value assets. The general
strategy is to reduce the likelihood that high-value assets will
be attacked by causing the attacker to expend resources on the
decoys. Permanent decoys have not been used often. The problems
are that the decoy must be durable, simulate the high-value asset
and surveillance activities. Also, once the decoy is attacked
and destroyed, its usefulness is over. This creates a demand
for low cost that generally cannot be met by permanent decoys.
8. COATINGS. Coating types, benefits, and availability are
summarized in table A-2. Coatings that keep visual signatures to
a minimum should be selected. Radar absorbing coatings are under
development but are not yet available for construction projects.
a. Concrete Dye. A dye mixture that blends the color of the
concrete with the surrounding soil or foliage should be used.
Rough surfaces always present a better match for natural sur-
roundings and smooth concrete surfaces should be avoided.
b. Paint Colors. Paints applied to structures should blend
with the surroundings as much as possible. The use of silver or
white paint should be avoided, especially on large structures.